The aim of the review is to establish an overview of the scientific literature on the prevention of accidents at work in order to:
- Evaluate the methods and effects of programs and efforts to prevent work accidents
- Recommend strategies for accident prevention at work
- Point out needs for future research
In this review work injuries should be understood as accidents causing physical harm (injury) to people at work, and interventions or safety programs are defined generically as an attempt to change how things are done in order to improve safety and reduce injuries.. This review excludes accidents causing mental harm, i.e., PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) and other types of mental harm.
The review focuses on the most effective safety measures that can be recommended at each level or across levels. Only primary safety intervention programs will be included. We will thus exclude studies of secondary and tertiary programs, such as on-site medical facilities, rehabilitation and return to work programs. Laboratory studies and after-only studies will also be excluded. We are focusing on studies of work safety and the consequences in terms of work injuries (primary outcomes), and in turn, consequences in terms of disability, work absence, lost working days, and cost (secondary outcomes). Accidents not related to work and accidents occurring whilst going back and forth between home and work (commuting accidents) are excluded.